Anyone in good health and fit enough for any other routine dental treatment can have implants, even in their 90s. In young people, bone growth should be completed before the treatment takes place. An x-ray will determine whether growth has stopped, which usually happens around the age of 18.
You can fly on the same day that you have treatment. Implants will not set off airport security – they are not magnetic and are too small to trigger the detectors.
The risk of an allergic reaction to the metals and plastics used in implants is extremely small. Titanium has no allergenic elements and is completely neutral in the body. The other materials have all been proven to be very compatible with the body.
If the bone is too weak or thin for an implant to be installed, we will probably recommend bone grafting. This is most likely where teeth have been missing for some time. A bone graft from your body, bone replacement material, or a combination of both is placed directly on to the jawbone. Your body gradually converts it to bone, widening and strengthening the jaw.
We will go through the whole process, making it simple and worry-free for you. We also need to know your diseases, allergies and medications.
Costs depend on the treatment required. A fee guide is available on the website, www.spectrumsmiles.co.uk and we are exceptionally good value for our standard of service.
Electric toothbrushes and toothpaste are fine. A build up of plaque between teeth can be managed by using dental floss or small interdental brushes. We also recommend having professional tooth cleaning regularly to remove stubborn plaque.
If your existing dentures are strong enough, we can adjust them to fix to your implants, but we will always consider your individual requirements.
Duration of Treatment
New technology has enabled us to complete some treatments in just 24 hours, following a consultation, but every case is different and treatments generally take two or three appointments over seven to fourteen days. The normal healing process takes about six months.
A few days’ rest is recommended after treatment, and if you are taking part in vigorous sport we would suggest that you speak to us first. However, it is perfectly fine to exercise.
Gums are normally sensitive for a few days after treatment, and there may be a small amount of swelling. But most people do not even need pain killers and implant-borne teeth quickly feel totally natural.
Whatever the treatment, you will be able to eat normally.
Immediate Implant Replacement
It is possible for an implant to be placed in the fresh wound after the removal of a tooth. This is referred to as immediate implant placement.
Normally, there is a healing phase after an implant has been inserted. The gap is covered with a temporary denture and nothing is loaded on to the implant. Using the latest immediate loading technology, a fixed, natural-looking tooth is fitted in one day.
We use metals, alloys, ceramics and porcelain, and the material used will depend on your requirements. Almost all are made of pure surgical-grade titanium which is stable and easily accepted by the body.
After treatment, infections very rarely occur and can usually be treated. We recommend regular professional tooth cleaning to remove stubborn plaque and bacteria, and will advise you on the best dental routine.
If you take regular medication you must tell us. A few medicines can cause problems during the healing process and we will not allow anyone who is using them to be treated. People with diabetes can still have implants, but the diabetes must be well controlled.
Conventional dentures have to be removed at night to avoid the risk of them becoming loose and blocking your passageway. Implant-borne dentures are normally fixed into place and can be left in.
A local anaesthetic means the treatment is painless. Your gum may be sensitive for a few days after the implant, but should not bleed. Cheeks may also swell and feel uncomfortable, but many people are able to return to normal life within a day, without even requiring pain killers.
Periodontitis (or periodontosis) is a disease that causes inflammation of the periodontium – the tissues that surround and support the teeth. If periodontitis has affected the tissues, bone grafting may be required before an implant can be made.
Dentures can be replaced or modified at any time. Even after several years we can convert a single tooth implant into an abutment for a bridge or prosthesis.
Injuries to nerves and blood vessels are possible during the treatment, but they are extremely unlikely given our level of preparation. Rejection of an implant is also very rare, as is the implant not being held firmly enough to support the tooth. If this does happen, we will remove it under local anaesthetic and replace it in the same session.
Smoking affects the long-term success rate of implants and we would not recommend it.
We will normally give you a certificate giving you a few days off work, but you can live life normally from the day after the operation.